Examples of Reference List in Vanvcouver Style

(Source  :   https://www.ntnu.edu/viko/vancouver-examples)


  1. Dybvig DD, Dybvig M. Det tenkende mennesket. Filosofi- og vitenskapshistorie med vitenskapsteori. 2nd ed. Trondheim: Tapir akademisk forlag; 2003.
  2. Rang HP, Dale MM, Ritter JM, Moore PK. Pharmacology. 5th ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone; 2003


  1. Bick J. 101 thing you need to know about Internet law [Internet]. New York: Three Rivers Press; 2000 [cited 2004 Mar 30]. Available from: http://site.ebrary.com/lib/ntnu/

 Book Chapter

  1. Beizer JL, Timiras ML. Pharmacology and drug management in the elderly. In: Timiras PS, editor. Physiological basis of aging and geriatrics. 2nd ed. Boca Raton: CRC Press; 1994. p. 279-84,

 Book with an Editor

  1. Fermann G, editor. International politics of climate change: key issues and critical actors. Oslo: Scandinavian University Press; 1997.

 Journal Articles

  1. Kwan I, Mapstone J. Visibility aids for pedestrians and cyclists: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Accid Anal Prev. 2004;36(3):305-12.

 Conference Papers

  1. Nørvåg K. Space-efficient support for temporal text indexing in a document archive context. In: Koch T, Sølvberg I, editors. Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries. 7th European Conference, ECDL 2003. Berlin: Springer; 2003. p. 511-22.

 Newspaper Articles

  1. Ringen S. La ikke Erna Solberg rasere det lokale folkestyre. Aftenposten. 2004 Mar 25:10.

 Desertation or Master/Bachelor Thesis

  1. Hasund IK. The discourse markers like in English and liksom in Norwegian teenage language : A corpus-based, cross-linguistic study [dissertation]. Bergen: University of Bergen; 2003.

 Public Information (NOU)

  1. NOU 2010: 13. Arbeid for helse: Sykefravær og utstøting i helse-og omsorgssektoren. Oslo: Departementenes servicesenter, Informasjonsforvaltning; 2010.

 Public Information (white paper)

  1. St. 29 (2012-2013). Morgendagens omsorg. Oslo: Helse- og omsorgsdepartementet; 2013.


  1. International Organization for Standardization. ISO Standard No. 10821. Industrial sewing machines — Safety requirements for sewing machines, units and systems [Internet]. Geneva: ISO; 2005 [cited 2015 May 20]. Available from: http://www.standard.no/no/Nettbutikk/produktkatalogen/Produktpresentasjon/?ProductID=113554


  1. Holm A. Nye standarder i gamle bygg. Oslo: By- og regionforskningsinstituttet NIBR; 2016. NIBR-rapport 2016:14.

 Web page

  1. Kapperud G. Utbruddsveilederen [Internet]. Oslo: Folkehelseinstituttet; 2016 [cited 2016 Jun 30]. Available from: https://www.fhi.no/nettpub/utbruddsveilederen/

 Web page with Organization or Institution as auhthor

  1. Lokalmat [Internet]. Brumunddal: Mattilsynet; 2015 Mar 3 [updated 2017 Jun 14; cited 2017 Jun 30]. Available from: https://www.mattilsynet.no/mat_og_vann/produksjon_av_mat/Lokalmat/

 Web page without an identified auhthor

  1. org [Internet]. Chicago: Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics; c2017 [cited 2017 May 27]. Available from: http://www.eatright.org/


  1. Dorland’s illustrated medical dictionary [Internet]. 32nd ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2012. Acanthocyte; [cited 2013 May 18]; p. 9. Available from: http://....